This type of prostitution is common among the homeless and in refugee camps. The term is used in the sex trade and by aid workers , although some practitioners do not regard the act as exploitative. Regarding the prostitution of children the laws on prostitution as well as those on sex with a child apply. If prostitution in general is legal there is usually a minimum age requirement for legal prostitution that is higher than the general age of consent see above for some examples.
Although some countries do not single out patronage of child prostitution as a separate crime, the same act is punishable as sex with an underage person. In India, the federal police say that around 1. In Bangladesh, child prostitutes are known to take the drug Oradexon, also known as dexamethasone.
This over-the-counter steroid , usually used by farmers to fatten cattle, makes child prostitutes look larger and older. According to social activists, the steroid can cause diabetes , high blood pressure and is highly addictive. Some adults travel to other countries to have access to sex with children, which is unavailable in their home country. Cambodia has become a notorious destination for sex with children.
As the crime usually goes undiscovered, these laws are rarely enforced. Prostitution among the elderly is a phenomenon reported in South Korea where elderly people turn to prostitution to pay their bills. This problem comes about because the state does not provide enough income for necessities.
Clients in Korea tend also to be elderly. Street prostitutes are at higher risk of violent crime than brothel prostitutes and bar prostitutes. In the United States, the homicide rate for female prostitutes was estimated to be per , Prostitution may sometimes be associated with illegal, abusive, and dangerous activities. One view maintains that this results from prostitution being stigmatized or illegal, or both. Sex trafficking is defined as using coercion or force to transport an unwilling person into prostitution or other sexual exploitation.
Government-sponsored research completed in , approximately , people are trafficked across national borders, which does not include millions trafficked within their own countries.
Approximately 80 percent of transnational victims are women and girls and up to 50 percent are minors," estimated the US Department of State in a study, in reference to the number of people estimated to be victims of all forms of human trafficking.
Children are sold into the global sex trade every year. Often they are kidnapped or orphaned, and sometimes they are sold by their own families. In street prostitution, the prostitute solicits customers while waiting at street corners, sometimes called "the track" by pimps and prostitutes alike.
They usually dress in skimpy, provocative clothing, regardless of the weather. Street prostitutes are often called "streetwalkers" while their customers are referred to as "tricks" or "johns.
Motels and hotels that accommodate prostitutes commonly rent rooms by the half or full hour. In Russia and other countries of the former USSR , prostitution takes the form of an open-air market. One prostitute stands by a roadside, and directs cars to a so-called "tochka" usually located in alleyways or carparks , where lines of women are paraded for customers in front of their car headlights.
The client selects a prostitute, whom he takes away in his car. Prevalent in the late s, this type of service has been steadily declining in recent years. A "lot lizard" is a commonly encountered special case of street prostitution. Prostitutes will often proposition truckers using a CB radio from a vehicle parked in the non-commercial section of a truck stop parking lot, communicating through codes based on commercial driving slang, then join the driver in his truck.
Brothels are establishments specifically dedicated to prostitution, often confined to special red-light districts in big cities. Other names for brothels include bordello , whorehouse , cathouse , knocking shop , and general houses.
Prostitution also occurs in some massage parlours , and in Asian countries in some barber shops where sexual services may be offered as a secondary function of the premises. Escort services may be distinguished from prostitution or other forms of prostitution in that sexual activities are often not explicitly advertised as necessarily included in these services; rather, payment is often noted as being for an escort's time and companionship only, although there is often an implicit assumption that sexual activities are expected.
In escort prostitution, the act takes place at the customer's residence or hotel room referred to as out-call , or at the escort's residence or in a hotel room rented for the occasion by the escort called in-call. The prostitute may be independent or working under the auspices of an escort agency. Services may be advertised over the Internet, in regional publications, or in local telephone listings.
Use of the Internet by prostitutes and customers is common. Adult contact sites, chats and on-line communities are also used. This, in turn, has brought increased scrutiny from law enforcement, public officials, and activist groups toward online prostitution. In , Craigslist came under fire for its role in facilitating online prostitution, and was sued by some 40 US state attorneys general, local prosecutors, and law enforcement officials.
Reviews of the services of individual prostitutes can often be found at various escort review boards worldwide. These online forums are used to trade information between potential clients, and also by prostitutes to advertise the various services available. Sex workers, in turn, often use online forums of their own to exchange information on clients, particularly to warn others about dangerous clients. Sex tourism is travel for sexual intercourse with prostitutes or to engage in other sexual activity.
The World Tourism Organization , a specialized agency of the United Nations defines sex tourism as "trips organized from within the tourism sector, or from outside this sector but using its structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting a commercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the destination". Often the term "sex tourism" is mistakenly interchanged with the term " child sex tourism ". Child sex tourism CST is defined as a travel to a foreign country for the purpose of engaging in commercially facilitated child sexual abuse.
Virtual sex , that is, sexual acts conveyed by messages rather than physically, is also the subject of commercial transactions. Commercial phone sex services have been available for decades. The advent of the Internet has made other forms of virtual sex available for money, including computer-mediated cybersex , in which sexual services are provided in text form by way of chat rooms or instant messaging , or audiovisually through a webcam see camgirl.
According to the paper "Estimating the prevalence and career longevity of prostitute women" Potterat et al. The length of these prostitutes' working careers was estimated at a mean of 5 years. According to a report by Fondation Scelles there are between 40 and 42 million prostitutes in the world. In , it was estimated that in Amsterdam , one woman in 35 was working as a prostitute, compared to one in in London. In Australia, a survey conducted in the early s showed that Reports disagree on whether prostitution levels are growing or declining in developed countries.
Some studies indicate that the percentage of men engaging in commercial sex in the United States has declined significantly in recent decades: As Norma Ramos, Executive Director of the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women says "The more the commercial sex industry normalizes this behavior, the more of this behavior you get".
Prostitutes have long plied their trades to the military in many cultures. For example, the British naval port of Portsmouth had a flourishing local sex industry in the 19th century, and until the early s there were large red-light districts near American military bases in the Philippines. The village of Vadia , India is known locally as the village of prostitutes , where unmarried women are involved in prostitution.
Mass weddings for children of prostitutes in the village are held to protect them from being pushed into prostitution. In some places, prostitution may be associated with the spread of sexually transmitted diseases STDs. Lack of condom use among prostitutes and their clients has been cited as a factor in the spread of HIV in Asia: Some think that the first two measures are counter-productive.
Banning prostitution tends to drive it underground, making safe sex promotion, treatment and monitoring more difficult. Registering prostitutes makes the state complicit in prostitution and does not address the health risks of unregistered prostitutes.
Both of the last two measures can be viewed as harm reduction policies. As an example, Thailand's condom program has been largely responsible for the country's progress against the HIV epidemic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the British television movie, see Strumpet film. For the French film, see The Oldest Profession. For the origin of the phrase "oldest profession", see Oldest profession phrase. For other uses, see Prostitute disambiguation , Whore disambiguation , and Harlot disambiguation. Femmes de Maison , Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec , c. For those who monger, see Monger disambiguation. Feminist views on prostitution. Decriminalization - No criminal penalties for prostitution. Legalization -prostitution legal and regulated.
Abolitionism - prostitution is legal, but organized activities such as brothels and pimping are illegal; prostitution is not regulated. Neo-abolitionism illegal to buy sex and for 3rd party involvement, legal to sell sex. Prohibitionism - prostitution illegal. Legality varies with local laws. Prostitution law and Prostitution by country. Brothel and Red-light district. Call girl and Escort agency. Sex tourism and Child sex tourism. Retrieved 19 September Retrieved 19 March The prostitution of women and girls.
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