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The NSA has been monitoring telephone conversations of 35 world leaders. The Guardian revealed that the NSA had been monitoring telephone conversations of 35 world leaders after being given the numbers by an official in another U. A confidential memo revealed that the NSA encouraged senior officials in such Departments as the White House , State and The Pentagon , to share their "Rolodexes" so the agency could add the telephone numbers of leading foreign politicians to their surveillance systems.
I repeat that spying among friends is not at all acceptable against anyone, and that goes for every citizen in Germany. A highly sensitive signals intelligence collection program known as Stateroom involves the interception of radio, telecommunications and internet traffic. The program conducted at U. Under diplomatic protection, they are able to look and listen unhindered. The SCS for example used the American Embassy near the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin to monitor communications in Germany's government district with its parliament and the seat of the government.
Under the Stateroom surveillance programme, Australia operates clandestine surveillance facilities to intercept phone calls and data across much of Asia. In France, the NSA targeted people belonging to the worlds of business, politics or French state administration.
The NSA monitored and recorded the content of telephone communications and the history of the connections of each target i. Alexander , who asserted that foreign intelligence services collected phone records in "war zones" and "other areas outside their borders" and provided them to the NSA. In Spain, the NSA intercepted the telephone conversations, text messages and emails of millions of Spaniards, and spied on members of the Spanish government.
According to documents leaked by Snowden, the surveillance of Spanish citizens was jointly conducted by the NSA and the intelligence agencies of Spain. According to the story, an objective of the operation is "communications fingerprinting": The same story revealed an operation code-named Ironavenger, in which the NSA intercepted e-mails sent between a country allied with the United States and the government of "an adversary". The ally was conducting a spear-phishing attack: The NSA gathered documents and login credentials belonging to the enemy country, along with knowledge of the ally's capabilities for attacking computers.
According to the British newspaper The Independent , the British intelligence agency GCHQ maintains a listening post on the roof of the British Embassy in Berlin that is capable of intercepting mobile phone calls, wi-fi data and long-distance communications all over the German capital, including adjacent government buildings such as the Reichstag seat of the German parliament and the Chancellery seat of Germany's head of government clustered around the Brandenburg Gate.
Operating under the code-name "Quantum Insert", GCHQ set up a fake website masquerading as LinkedIn , a social website used for professional networking , as part of its efforts to install surveillance software on the computers of the telecommunications operator Belgacom.
For more than three years GCHQ has been using an automated monitoring system code-named "Royal Concierge" to infiltrate the reservation systems of at least prestigious hotels in many different parts of the world in order to target, search and analyze reservations to detect diplomats and government officials. Other covert operations include the wiretapping of room telephones and fax machines used in targeted hotels as well as the monitoring of computers hooked up to the hotel network.
The Indonesian foreign minister, Marty Natalegawa , confirmed that he and the president had contacted the ambassador in Canberra. Natalegawa said any tapping of Indonesian politicians' personal phones "violates every single decent and legal instrument I can think of—national in Indonesia, national in Australia, international as well".
Under a secret deal approved by British intelligence officials, the NSA has been storing and analyzing the internet and email records of UK citizens since The NSA also proposed in a procedure for spying on the citizens of the UK and other Five-Eyes nations alliance , even where the partner government has explicitly denied the U. Under the proposal, partner countries must neither be informed about this particular type of surveillance, nor the procedure of doing so. The culture of compliance, which has allowed the American people to entrust NSA with extraordinary authorities, will not be compromised in the face of so many demands, even as we aggressively pursue legal authorities This period of surveillance lasted from to , and also included the interception of the communications of other European countries including Belgium, France, West Germany and Norway.
Data shared with foreign countries include "bulk, unselected, unminimised metadata" it had collected. The ASD provided such information on the condition that no Australian citizens were targeted. At the time the ASD assessed that "unintentional collection [of metadata of Australian nationals] is not viewed as a significant issue".
If a target was later identified as being an Australian national, the ASD was required to be contacted to ensure that a warrant could be sought.
Consideration was given as to whether "medical, legal or religious information" would be automatically treated differently to other types of data, however a decision was made that each agency would make such determinations on a case-by-case basis.
The Washington Post revealed that the NSA has been tracking the locations of mobile phones from all over the world by tapping into the cables that connect mobile networks globally and that serve U. In the process of doing so, the NSA collects more than five billion records of phone locations on a daily basis.
This enables NSA analysts to map cellphone owners' relationships by correlating their patterns of movement over time with thousands or millions of other phone users who cross their paths. The Washington Post also reported that both GCHQ and the NSA make use of location data and advertising tracking files generated through normal internet browsing with cookies operated by Google, known as "Pref" to pinpoint targets for government hacking and to bolster surveillance.
Both agencies also cooperate to crack the encryption systems of mutual targets. As a result of Snowden's disclosures, the notion of Swedish neutrality in international politics was called into question. During the G Toronto summit , the U. The goal of the spying operation was, among others, to obtain information on international development, banking reform, and to counter trade protectionism to support "U.
US district court judge for the District of Columbia, Richard Leon, declared       on December 16, , that the mass collection of metadata of Americans' telephone records by the National Security Agency probably violates the fourth amendment prohibition of unreasonable searches and seizures. But the judge stayed action on his ruling pending a government appeal, recognizing in his page opinion the "significant national security interests at stake in this case and the novelty of the constitutional issues.
However federal judge William H. District Judge Pauley also ruled that Congress legally set up the program and that it does not violate anyone's constitutional rights. The judge also concluded that the telephone data being swept up by NSA did not belong to telephone users, but to the telephone companies. He further ruled that when NSA obtains such data from the telephone companies, and then probes into it to find links between callers and potential terrorists, this further use of the data was not even a search under the Fourth Amendment.
He also concluded that the controlling precedent is Smith v. In recent years, American and British intelligence agencies conducted surveillance on more than 1, targets, including the office of an Israeli prime minister, heads of international aid organizations, foreign energy companies and a European Union official involved in antitrust battles with American technology businesses.
The Tailored Access Operations TAO division of the NSA intercepted the shipping deliveries of computers and laptops in order to install spyware and physical implants on electronic gadgets. The NSA is working to build a powerful quantum computer capable of breaking all types of encryption. It involves extensive research carried out in large, shielded rooms known as Faraday cages , which are designed to prevent electromagnetic radiation from entering or leaving.
Quantum enables the NSA to conduct surveillance on those computers on the one hand, and can also create a digital highway for launching cyberattacks on the other hand. Among the targets are the Chinese and Russian military, but also trade institutions within the European Union. The prerequisite is the physical insertion of the radio frequency hardware by a spy, a manufacturer or an unwitting user.
The technology relies on a covert channel of radio waves that can be transmitted from tiny circuit boards and USB cards inserted surreptitiously into the computers. In some cases, they are sent to a briefcase-size relay station that intelligence agencies can set up miles away from the target. The technology can also transmit malware back to the infected computer. Channel 4 and The Guardian revealed the existence of Dishfire , a massive database of the NSA that collects hundreds of millions of text messages on a daily basis.
The database is supplemented with an analytical tool known as the Prefer program, which processes SMS messages to extract other types of information including contacts from missed call alerts. It recommends to end the bulk telephone metadata, i.
The NSA and GCHQ have traded recipes for various purposes such as grabbing location data and journey plans that are made when a target uses Google Maps , and vacuuming up address books , buddy lists , phone logs and geographic data embedded in photos posted on the mobile versions of numerous social networks such as Facebook, Flickr , LinkedIn , Twitter and other services.
In a separate page report dated , GCHQ cited the popular smartphone game " Angry Birds " as an example of how an application could be used to extract user data. Taken together, such forms of data collection would allow the agencies to collect vital information about a user's life, including his or her home country, current location through geolocation , age, gender, ZIP code , marital status , income, ethnicity , sexual orientation , education level, number of children, etc.
The agency's "Squeaky Dolphin" program can collect, analyze and utilize YouTube, Facebook and Blogger data in specific situations in real time for analysis purposes. The program also collects the addresses from the billions of videos watched daily as well as some user information for analysis purposes. This was done to give their own policymakers a negotiating advantage. Passengers who exited the airport terminal continued to be tracked as they showed up at other Wi-Fi locations across Canada.
In a CSEC document dated May , the agency described how it had gained access to two communications systems with over , users in order to pinpoint a specific imaginary target.
The source of the latest information is a document leaked by Edward Snowden. GCHQ launched a cyber-attack on the activist network " Anonymous ", using denial-of-service attack DoS to shut down a chatroom frequented by the network's members and to spy on them.
The unit successfully uncovered the true identities of several Anonymous members. The NSA Section bulk telephony metadata program which seeks to stockpile records on all calls made in the U. The controversial program permits the NSA after a warrant granted by the secret Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court to record numbers, length and location of every call from the participating carriers. The Intercept reported that the U.
In its report The Intercept author detail the flawed methods which are used to locate targets for lethal drone strikes, resulting in the deaths of innocent people. NSA personnel which controls electronic surveillance equipment use the NSA's sophisticated surveillance capabilities to track individual targets geographically and in real time, while drones and tactical units aimed their weaponry against those targets to take them out.
This allowed government authorities to be "able to continue to cover the talks, providing highly useful intelligence for interested US customers".
NSA and GCHQ documents revealed that the anti-secrecy organization WikiLeaks and other activist groups were targeted for government surveillance and criminal prosecution. In particular, the IP addresses of visitors to WikiLeaks were collected in real time, and the US government urged its allies to file criminal charges against the founder of WikiLeaks, Julian Assange , due to his organization's publication of the Afghanistan war logs.
The WikiLeaks organization was designated as a "malicious foreign actor". Quoting an unnamed NSA official in Germany, Bild am Sonntag reported that whilst President Obama's order to stop spying on Merkel was being obeyed, the focus had shifted to bugging other leading government and business figures including Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere , a close confidant of Merkel.
Caitlin Hayden, a security adviser to President Obama, was quoted in the newspaper report as saying, "The US has made clear it gathers intelligence in exactly the same way as any other states. The Intercept reveals that government agencies are infiltrating online communities and engaging in "false flag operations" to discredit targets among them people who have nothing to do with terrorism or national security threats.
The two main tactics that are currently used are the injection of all sorts of false material onto the internet in order to destroy the reputation of its targets; and the use of social sciences and other techniques to manipulate online discourse and activism to generate outcomes it considers desirable. The Guardian reported that Britain's surveillance agency GCHQ, with aid from the National Security Agency, intercepted and stored the webcam images of millions of internet users not suspected of wrongdoing.
The surveillance program codenamed Optic Nerve collected still images of Yahoo webcam chats one image every five minutes in bulk and saved them to agency databases.
The NSA has built an infrastructure which enables it to covertly hack into computers on a mass scale by using automated systems that reduce the level of human oversight in the process. The NSA relies on an automated system codenamed TURBINE which in essence enables the automated management and control of a large network of implants a form of remotely transmitted malware on selected individual computer devices or in bulk on tens of thousands of devices.
As quoted by The Intercept , TURBINE is designed to "allow the current implant network to scale to large size millions of implants by creating a system that does automated control implants by groups instead of individually. The TURBINE implants are linked to, and relies upon, a large network of clandestine surveillance "sensors" that the NSA has installed at locations across the world, including the agency's headquarters in Maryland and eavesdropping bases used by the agency in Misawa, Japan and Menwith Hill, England.
Codenamed as TURMOIL, the sensors operate as a sort of high-tech surveillance dragnet, monitoring packets of data as they are sent across the Internet. To identify surveillance targets, the NSA uses a series of data "selectors" as they flow across Internet cables. These selectors can include email addresses, IP addresses, or the unique "cookies" containing a username or other identifying information that are sent to a user's computer by websites such as Google, Facebook, Hotmail, Yahoo, and Twitter, unique Google advertising cookies that track browsing habits, unique encryption key fingerprints that can be traced to a specific user, and computer IDs that are sent across the Internet when a Windows computer crashes or updates.
The CIA was accused by U. Senate Intelligence Committee Chairwoman Dianne Feinstein of spying on a stand-alone computer network established for the committee in its investigation of allegations of CIA abuse in a George W. Bush-era detention and interrogation program. Along with RETRO, short for "retrospective retrieval" RETRO is voice audio recording buffer that allows retrieval of captured content up to 30 days into the past , the MYSTIC program is capable of recording " percent" of a foreign country's telephone calls, enabling the NSA to rewind and review conversations up to 30 days and the relating metadata.
On March 21, Le Monde published slides from an internal presentation of the Communications Security Establishment Canada , which attributed a piece of malicious software to French intelligence. The CSEC presentation concluded that the list of malware victims matched French intelligence priorities and found French cultural reference in the malware's code, including the name Babar , a popular French children's character, and the developer name "Titi".
The French telecommunications corporation Orange S. According to Der Spiegel this "kind of technology […] is decisive in the NSA's battle for data supremacy. The Intercept published a document of an NSA employee discussing how to build a database of IP addresses, webmail, and Facebook accounts associated with system administrators so that the NSA can gain access to the networks and systems they administer.
Nymrod sifts through secret reports based on intercepted communications as well as full transcripts of faxes, phone calls, and communications collected from computer systems. More than 'cites' for Merkel are listed as available in intelligence reports and transcripts for NSA operatives to read.
Towards the end of April, Edward Snowden said that the United States surveillance agencies spy on Americans more than anyone else in the world, contrary to anything that has been said by the government up until this point. The mass surveillance has been occurring without the Bahamian government's permission. In a statement responding to the revelations, the NSA said "the implication that NSA's foreign intelligence collection is arbitrary and unconstrained is false.
Through its global surveillance operations the NSA exploits the flood of images included in emails, text messages, social media, videoconferences and other communications to harvest millions of images.
These images are then used by the NSA in sophisticated facial recognition programs to track suspected terrorists and other intelligence targets. Vodafone revealed that there were secret wires that allowed government agencies direct access to their networks. Snowden revealed the internet was already treated as fair game. Bluster that all is well is wearing pretty thin — our analogue laws need a digital overhaul. We are making a call to end direct access as a means of government agencies obtaining people's communication data.
Without an official warrant, there is no external visibility. If we receive a demand we can push back against the agency. The fact that a government has to issue a piece of paper is an important constraint on how powers are used. It's a brave step by Vodafone and hopefully the other telcos will become more brave with disclosure, but what we need is for them to be braver about fighting back against the illegal requests and the laws themselves. BT and Vodafone are implicated.
Under RAMPART-A, 'third party' countries tap into fiber optic cables carrying the majority of the world's electronic communications and are secretly allowing the NSA to install surveillance equipment on these fiber-optic cables. The foreign partners of the NSA turn massive amounts of data like the content of phone calls, faxes, e-mails, internet chats, data from virtual private networks, and calls made using Voice over IP software like Skype over to the NSA.
In return these partners receive access to the NSA's sophisticated surveillance equipment so that they too can spy on the mass of data that flows in and out of their territory.
During the week of July 4, a year-old male employee of Germany 's intelligence service BND was arrested on suspicion of spying for the United States. The NSA lies about what it stores. The Washington Post released a review of a cache provided by Snowden containing roughly , text messages and e-mails intercepted by the NSA between and The newspaper concluded that nine out of ten account holders whose conversations were recorded by the agency "were not the intended surveillance targets but were caught in a net the agency had cast for somebody else.
Tye's concerns are rooted in classified material he had access to through the State Department, though he has not publicly released any classified materials. The database, The Intercept reported, is accessible to domestic law enforcement agencies including the FBI and the Drug Enforcement Administration and was built to contain more than billion metadata records about phone calls, emails, cellphone locations, and text messages.
As of [update] , the company is the world's largest manufacturer of SIM cards, making about two billion cards a year. With the keys, the intelligence agencies could eavesdrop on cell phones without the knowledge of mobile phone operators or foreign governments. The New Zealand Herald , in partnership with The Intercept , revealed that the New Zealand government used XKeyscore to spy on candidates for the position of World Trade Organization director general  and also members of the Solomon Islands government.
In January , the DEA revealed that it had been collecting metadata records for all telephone calls made by Americans to countries linked to drug trafficking. Snowden provided journalists at The Intercept with GCHQ documents regarding another secret program " Karma Police ", calling itself "the world's biggest" data mining operation, formed to create profiles on every visible Internet user 's browsing habits.
By it had stored over 1. The disclosure provided impetus for the creation of social movements against mass surveillance, such as Restore the Fourth , and actions like Stop Watching Us and The Day We Fight Back.
On the legal front, the Electronic Frontier Foundation joined a coalition of diverse groups filing suit against the NSA. Several human rights organizations have urged the Obama administration not to prosecute, but protect, " whistleblower Snowden": Domestically, President Barack Obama claimed that there is "no spying on Americans",   and White House Press Secretary Jay Carney asserted that the surveillance programs revealed by Snowden have been authorized by Congress.
On the international front, U. Attorney General Eric Holder stated that "we cannot target even foreign persons overseas without a valid foreign intelligence purpose. Prime Minister David Cameron warned journalists that "if they don't demonstrate some social responsibility it will be very difficult for government to stand back and not to act. Foreign Secretary William Hague claimed that "we take great care to balance individual privacy with our duty to safeguard the public and UK national security.
Former Prime Minister Tony Abbott stated that "every Australian governmental agency, every Australian official at home and abroad, operates in accordance with the law". Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich stated that "the Americans take our data privacy concerns seriously. Thomas de Maiziere , a close ally of Merkel, told Der Spiegel: Plasterk acknowledged that it was in fact Dutch intelligence services who collected the records and transferred them to the NSA.
The Danish Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt has praised the American intelligence agencies, claiming they have prevented terrorist attacks in Denmark, and expressed her personal belief that the Danish people "should be grateful" for the Americans' surveillance.
In July , the German government announced an extensive review of Germany's intelligence services. In August , the U. In October , the British government announced an extensive review of British intelligence services. In December , the Canadian government announced an extensive review of Canada's intelligence services. In January , U. President Barack Obama said that "the sensational way in which these disclosures have come out has often shed more heat than light"  and critics such as Sean Wilentz claimed that "the NSA has acted far more responsibly than the claims made by the leakers and publicized by the press.
In addition to their alarmism about [U. Russia" and citing Masha Gessen 's statement that "The Russian propaganda machine has not gotten this much mileage out of a US citizen since Angela Davis 's murder trial in Bob Cesca objected to The New York Times failing to redact the name of an NSA employee and the specific location where an al Qaeda group was being targeted in a series of slides the paper made publicly available.
Russian journalist Andrei Soldatov argued that Snowden's revelations had had negative consequences for internet freedom in Russia, as Russian authorities increased their own surveillance and regulation on the pretext of protecting the privacy of Russian users. Snowden's name was invoked by Russian legislators who supported measures forcing platforms such as Google , Facebook , Twitter and Gmail and YouTube to locate their servers on Russian soil or install SORM black boxes on their servers so that Russian authorities could control them.
In late , Freedom House said "[s]ome states are using the revelations of widespread surveillance by the U. National Security Agency NSA as an excuse to augment their own monitoring capabilities, frequently with little or no oversight, and often aimed at the political opposition and human rights activists.
Court order demanding that Verizon hand over all call detail records to NSA. A Presentation of the XKeyscore program. Spying effort against Dilma Rousseff and her advisers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For earlier global surveillance disclosures, see Global surveillance disclosures — Global surveillance disclosures — Timeline of global surveillance disclosures —present. It is performed by a special cyber-warfare unit of the NSA known as Tailored Access Operations TAO , which infected over 50, computer networks worldwide with malicious software designed to steal sensitive information, and is mostly aimed at Brazil , China, Egypt , India , Mexico , Saudi Arabia , and parts of Eastern Europe.
It refers to intercepts from satellites that process data used by other countries such as Britain, Norway , Japan, and the Philippines. Server implants and firewall implants. Mobile phone implants and related products. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. The Shadow Brokers and Equation Group. Reactions to global surveillance disclosures. Mass surveillance in the United States. Mass surveillance in the United Kingdom. Details of the process in the Rousseff operation 2 hop contact graph.
Retrieved December 25, Taken together, the revelations have brought to light a global surveillance system Retrieved February 12, Retrieved August 16, Retrieved December 14, This document, dated 18 April of this year, clearly shows that the relation is very close indeed, seemingly growing even closer. Retrieved September 14, Australia's involvement with the NSA, the U. Retrieved December 18, Retrieved December 13, Le Monde in French. The Wall Street Journal.
The New York Times. Retrieved December 16, Retrieved November 13, Retrieved September 23, Retrieved December 29, Archived from the original on January 10, Retrieved February 4, In a top secret order obtained by the Guardian newspaper and published Wednesday evening, the FBI on the NSA's behalf demanded that Verizon turn over all call detail records originating in the United States for the three months beginning in late April and ending on 19 July.
Government spies snooped in 'Warcraft,' other games". Retrieved November 30, Retrieved November 21, The Sydney Morning Herald. Australian spy agency offered to share data about ordinary citizens". Sanger; Thom Shanker January 14, Devises Radio Pathway into Computers". Retrieved January 15, Retrieved February 1, Retrieved December 22, De Telegraaf in Dutch. Retrieved September 10, Niet alleen Amerikaanse inlichtingendiensten monitoren internetters wereldwijd.
Ook Nederlandse geheime diensten krijgen informatie uit het omstreden surveillanceprogramma 'Prism'. Retrieved July 11, Microsoft collaborated closely with NSA". Retrieved December 12, Retrieved December 31, Retrieved November 5, Retrieved December 20, Australia's Asia spy network". Retrieved December 23, Spies in the Embassy". The Globe and Mail. Britain's 'secret listening post in the heart of Berlin ' ". Retrieved December 30, Seized files 'endanger agents ' ". Retrieved June 4, Will the 'five eyes' club open up?
The National Security Agency signed for the U. Archived from the original on April 20, The Congressional officials were first told of the Thurmond interception by a former employee of the Lockheed Space and Missiles Corporation, Margaret Newsham, who now lives in Sunnyvale, California. Retrieved December 28, Archived from the original on December 12, Drake may pay high price for media leak".
Spy on Callers Without Courts". Retrieved April 11, Archived from the original on January 17, Retrieved January 5, Retrieved August 20, Archived from the original on June 15, Retrieved June 11, Retrieved June 9, Retrieved June 10, Retrieved September 16, Retrieved February 10, Internet Companies in Broad Secret Program". Retrieved June 15, Retrieved February 11, Internet companies in broad secret program".
Archived from the original on August 24, Retrieved June 25, Der Spiegel in German.. 16 May Looking for granny adult nsas bbw call girl Cortland. I do and want to feel that way again. Lovely lady seeks a beautiful gentleman. Passing through town be here woman adult nsas. Looking to women looking for phone sex some time. are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient Database. Juice Plus+ is a branded line of dietary supplements containing concentrated fruit and . NSA claims that Juice Plus is an effective antioxidant, and quotes a study that showed a 75% reduction in lipid peroxidation (an.
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