The AG filed its response to the Demurrer on 4 November Backpage Attorneys filed their reply in support of the Demurrer on 10 November On 16 November Judge Michael Bowman of the Superior Court of the State of California issued a tentative ruling in this case supporting the position of Backpage and granting its request for dismissal of the case.
Bowman dismissed all the charges in the complaint, stating that:. Congress has precluded liability for online publishers for the action of publishing third party speech and thus provided for both a foreclosure from prosecution and an affirmative defense at trial.
Congress has spoken on this matter and it is for Congress, not this Court, to revisit. They were charged with pimping and money laundering. Lawyers for Backpage responded that the charges rehashed the earlier case that had been dismissed on December 9, Jim Grant, an attorney for Backpage said: Since April , the U.
Over the ensuing months, Backpage raised and PSI rejected numerous objections to the subpoena, including that the subpoena was impermissibly burdensome both in the volume of documents PSI demanded and in its intrusion into constitutionally-protected editorial discretion.
PSI subsequently issued a shorter document subpoena with only eight requests but broader in scope and also targeting Backpage. PSI applied in March for a federal court order to enforce three of the eight categories of documents in the subpoena.
In August , the U. District Court in D. Backpage immediately filed an appeal and sought a stay, which the district court denied, then filed emergency stay petitions with the U. Court of Appeals for the D. Circuit, and Supreme Court. Each appellate court issued temporary stays to consider whether to grant a stay pending appeal,  but eventually denied the emergency stay requests,  However, the D.
Circuit agreed to expedite the appeal, and one of its judges who considered the emergency stay said he would have granted it. Backpage has continued to pursue its appeal despite producing thousands of documents to PSI pursuant to the District Court order.
PSI scheduled a Subcommittee hearing regarding Backpage. S 1st Circuit Court of Appeals that a suit filed in Boston federal court in against Backpage by three women who claimed that Backpage was responsible for them being forced into illegal sex transactions. The Court of Appeals held that Backpage could not be held liable as the "publisher or speaker" for postings on its site by third parties in accordance with the protections provided to website operators under section of the CDA.
Also on 9 January , prior to its scheduled hearings on Backpage the next day, the PSI released a report that accused Backpage of knowingly facilitating child sex trafficking. Shortly thereafter, Backpage announced that it would remove its adult sections from all of its sites in the United States. In late-March and early-April , courts in Massachusetts and Florida affirmed that Backpage's facilitation of sex trafficking fell outside of the immunity granted by Section safe harbors.
The latter ruling argued that because Backpage "materially contributed to the content of the advertisement" by censoring specific keywords, it became a publisher of content and thus no longer protected.
On 6 April , Backpage was seized by the United States Department of Justice , and it was reported that Michael Lacey's home had been raided by authorities. On 12 April , Carl Ferrer, the chief executive officer CEO of Backpage pleaded guilty to both state and federal charges, including but not limited to conspiracy to facilitate prostitution and money laundering. Also on 12 April , the company Backpage pleaded guilty to human trafficking , announced the Texas Attorney General.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Australian sports television series, see Back Page Live. This section may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding or removing subheadings. Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 27 May Retrieved 1 March The Ultimate Guide to Backpage Ads 1st ed. Retrieved 16 September Last September, however, the Supreme Court in Washington state ruled that a suit against Backpage.
Backpage was seized by the federal government on April 6th, Retrieved 21 January Aider of traffickers, or way to stop them? Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 14 September What's Wrong with the War on Sex Trafficking". Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 21 February It's the more marginalized and poorer workers who are hit hardest by this.
Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 1 December Berkeley Technology Law Journal. Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 2 August Digital Media Law Project.
Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 22 June Tennessee, Nashville Division 3 January Tennessee, Nashville Division 27 March The New York Times. Tentative ruling on Request for Judicial Notice and Demurrer". Photographs of a laptop screen showing listings for escorts search parameter young in the Toronto section of backpage. It was a splashy announcement: A police investigation into human trafficking in London, Ont.
Eighteen women and girls "in the sex trade as a result of human trafficking" were helped to get out. The youngest was One detail did not appear in the news release: Every one of the 18 victims had been advertised on the classified ad website Backpage. Sex trafficking in Canada is not just on the Dark Web, buried deep under obscure layers of the Internet. In many cases, it's just three clicks away. Hundreds of escort ads are posted each day on Backpage in more than 50 Canadian cities.
How sex trafficking works in Canada. Sexual exploitation is costing Canadian women their lives. Some women are there by choice, acting as independent operators. But many women on the site, police say, are being forced or coerced for the purpose of sexual exploitation — in other words, trafficked. In fact, of the sex-trafficking victims police are finding, they say the majority were advertised on Backpage.
What's more, some of them are minors. Toronto police say 95 per cent of underage victims they have found were sold on the site. London police say it's per cent. And Halifax police say it's the best-known site for minors. One quarter of police-reported human-trafficking victims in Canada are under the age of 18, according to Statistics Canada.
The Dallas-based company operates in 97 countries and gets most of its revenue from adult ads. In the United States, it is the subject of lawsuits, and its executives are also facing criminal charges for pimping and money laundering. The charges filed by California's Attorney-General allege that in seven of the 13 pimping counts the victims are children. In January, after a U. Senate inquiry published scathing findings, among them that the company "knowingly concealed evidence of criminality," Backpage abruptly shut down its U.
Not so in Canada, where there has been little or no legal action and tepid federal government response. The ads continue to be uploaded hourly. The site's prevalence raises thorny questions. Some police see it as a useful investigative tool in finding and reaching victims and say shutting it down would only result in new sites popping up. Child advocacy and anti-trafficking groups, however, say it is facilitating criminal activity, including child trafficking, and needs to be stopped.
Actions against the company in the United States "beg the same question about what should be happening in the Canadian context," said Signy Arnason, associate executive director and director of Cybertip. And within there, there are definitely youths who are being exploited in this capacity. Liz McDougall, general counsel who speaks for Backpage, said the company "can't comment currently.
Kevin Coon, managing partner at global law firm Baker McKenzie, said the company "is the key purveyor for these ads here in Canada as well. It's very unknown but it is insidious, and that service is the major advertiser and exploiter in the industry. He said it is "running afoul" of Criminal Code provisions on the purchase of sex. Anybody can go on the website and see how prevalent it is," said Mr.
Coon, who specializes in human rights and labour rights, adding that the federal government "has a key role to play" in legislative action and in enforcing existing laws and raising awareness. Canada's national action plan on human trafficking expired last year, and Public Safety Canada did not say when a new plan would be announced. Under Canadian law, it is prohibited to advertise sexual services and to procure the sexual services of someone under the age of But whether it is due to a dearth of enforcement, other priorities among governments or a need for new legislation, the ads flourish.
Across Canada, an average of 1, new adult-services ads which include female escorts and body rubs are posted on Backpage every day, according to Uncharted Software, a Toronto-based software and data visualization firm.
It pegs the number of unique ads in Toronto alone at about a day. By its count, Backpage hosts about 60 per cent of all the online adult ads in Canada, making it the largest provider in the country. Backpage has location sites, according to this year's U. It is the world's No. The Senate report cites the National Association of Attorneys General in describing Backpage as a "hub" of human trafficking, "especially the trafficking of minors. Backpage "does not deny that its site is used for criminal activity, including the sale of children for sex," the report says.
Rather, the company argues it just hosts content created by others and is thus immune from liability under the U. But the inquiry found that Backpage systematically edited its adult ads, scrubbing them of terms such as "teenage," "little girl" and "rape" before posting them. Pressure on the company is coming from many sides. Backpage is the subject of a searing new U. The film follows the legal battle that several mothers are fighting on behalf of their teenage daughters, who were trafficked and advertised on the site.. The classified site also has said it's protected from prosecution because of the interpretation of a provision tucked deep inside the Communications Decency Act of called Section Nor would it change the broader issues that make children more vulnerable, such as homelessness or addiction. PSI scheduled a Subcommittee hearing regarding Backpage. Barbara Gosse, chief executive officer of the Canadian Centre to End Human Trafficking, said "people need to know that in Canada you can not buy sex from a juvenile. In January, after a U.